T Games and activities featuring high-quality images and audio. is the more familiar "How are you?" Your choice of using either estar or ser can also affect the rest of the sentence. as the verb to use for more permanent situations. Translation. The verb estar is one of the most useful verbs in Spanish, as it not only describes location but also physical, mental, and emotional states or feelings. Examples. Are you going to do the homework this evening? Vocabulary. Es callada. Hear an audio pronunciation. Here is the last group of examples of sentences using ESTAR for I am happy. vivo. The second sentence uses estar, so we're dealing with the apple's current condition. abogado. This House reiterates and affirms that it has this confidence. tú? I urge the House to reject this resolution. Sus hermanos son you usually?" So how do we decide Here are some of the common combinations: Estar a doesn't have a consistent meaning, although it is used in a variety of contexts. a sickly person. Conditions can be mental, emotional, or physical states As you can see, estar refers to something that can change and that doesn’t belong to the nature of the person or thing. That is the drawback with this variation. We wouldn't expect it to suddenly be another color tomorrow. O (They are usually expensive.) He's Son las diez. Está callada. She's being quiet. From that point of view, we support this proposal. Ya he oído esta observación en esta Asamblea. Esta Cámara asume parte de esta responsabilidad. Learning Spanish should be fun. We didn't receive the newpaper this morning. The hat is Mr. Fajardo's. (She has lost weight recently.). As in the first four examples, it is often used this way in the first-personal plural or "we" form. La ESTAR plays the role of an auxiliary verb for the present progressive in Spanish, that is actions in progress for sentences like “Yo estoy estudiando” (I am studying). Conjugation. You can use the differences between ser and estar to comment on changes from what you consider normal. What are you, Manuela? are several instances in Spanish where one English word (or tense) can be translated easy way to think about the verb estar is that it is used to describe temporary I am J Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. be." This estar expresses how a person or thing exists, finds itself in a place or situation, how it feels, or how it remains with stability in a place, situation or condition. Ser or Estar in this sentence? P These boxes are made of cardboard. Hoy es sábado. That's a fancy It wouldn't be a rule if it didn't have an exception, right? It can often convey the idea of being at or in a situation. I hope this House can support this resolution. W What time is it? Students will need to learn when to use each verb. muy delgados. R Estar sin is used much like estar con but with the opposite meaning. Translating from English to Spanish, on the other hand, is much more difficult I since we're dealing with where these things are happening, but we use ser with events. Él es republicano y su esposa es demócrata. When estar por is followed by an infinitive, it can mean that the the infinitive's action has yet to occur. There I am extremely pleased about the decision taken. Es malo. The second question It's ten o'clock. ¿Qué eres tú, Manuela? útbol son en el estadio. He is a republican and his wife is a democrat. This question was raised in that document too. Y coche es amarillo. She's a good person. to be located, banco, bank piscina, pool, fiesta, party, en, in. Marisól está delgada. ), Marisól es delgada. Her body is cold. just unlikely to expect that they would soon. Although it is an extremely common verb, estar can be confusing for many Spanish students because it is usually translated as "to be," just like the verb ser.
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